Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Irina Stamatian*, Constanta Nascutzy*, Cristina Nitulescu *, Simona-Teodora Cercel**, Silvia-Maria Stoicescu**, Carmen Voicila**

* National Institute for Mother and Child Health “Alessandrescu-Rusescu”, Eye Department, Bucharest
**National Institute for Mother and Child Health “Alessandrescu-Rusescu”, Clinic Hospital “Ghe.
Polizu”, Bucharest

 

Rezumat: Retinopatia de prematuritate

      Retinopatia de prematuritate este o problema medicala ce apare la copiii nascuti prematuri care, netratata poate duce la cecitate. Cu toate acestea este o conditie care toate fi tratata cu success, daca este depistata in timp util. Gradul de incidenta depinde de gradul prematuritatii, factorii de risc fetali (anemia/ transfuzii sanguine, hemoragii intraventriculare, boala pulmonara cronica), factorii de risc materni (corioamniotita, fertilizare in vitro si evenimente obstetricale) cat si de nivelul ingrijirii neonatale.

      

Abstract:

      ROP is a medical condition that may occur in the case of premature babies which, when left untreated, can lead to blindness. However it is a condition that can be successfully treated if it is discovered early enough. The incidence of the condition depends on the degree of prematurity, fetal factors (anemia/ blood transfusions, intraventricular hemorrhage, chronic pulmonary disease), maternal factors (Corioamniotitis, in vitro fertilization and obstetrical events) as well as the standard of neonatal care (the presence of oxygen blenders being essential).
      Key words: Retinopatie de prematuritate, cecitate, factori de risc, screening

 

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